Coconut Sugar Sustainability & TIANA Coconut Nectar, the UK’s Finest

Coconut Sugar Sustainability

Coconut Sugar Sustainability

Coconut Sugar Sustainability: Farmers often produce two products from the same tree – sap (nectar) and coconuts. This is usually done by restricting “tapping” (obtaining coconut nectar from the spathe) to 6 months, or tapping alternative spathes so that coconut production is also possible during the remaining months of the year.


Each coconut tree represents a considerable investment of time and effort by the coconut farmers. Our Fair Trade and organic coconut farmers work on a sustainable agriculture basis and will not risk damaging their trees by over producing coconut sap (nectar).



Coconut Sugar Sustainability -
Coconut Palm Tree and Coconut Flowers

It could be claimed that the coconut tree is the most useful plant on earth because it has more uses than any other trees in the world. The coconut tree is considered a “three-generation-tree”: supporting a farmer, his children and his grandchildren. That is why the coconut tree is often referred to as the “tree of life”.

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Coconut Sugar Sustainability - TIANA Coconut Nectar Guilt Free Sugar Substitute


Coconut trees can grows to over 30 meters and have roughly 30 -40 large feather-like leaves. On average, a coconut tree produces about 15 to 18 new leaves annually and the life of each coconut tree is approximately 100 years. The coconut tree is an important crop contributing significantly to the economy in the Far East. A coconut tree provides:


  • Coconut fruit – used to produce desiccated coconut, milk, cream, virgin coconut oil, flour.
  • Young green coconuts – for coconut water.
  • Coconut sap – for coconut nectar syrup, sugar, chutney, candy, coconut champagne, vodka, wine and vinegar.
  • Coconut flower – can be used to make coconut tea.
  • Coconut oil – for soap, shampoo, lotion, body oil, virgin coconut oil jelly, cooking oil.
  • Coconut husk – for agricultural landscaping solutions.


Coconut Sugar SustainabilityCoconut is also used for making fashion accessories such as bags, necklaces, earrings, bracelets, hats and shoes and various household items, including doormats, carpets, frames, baskets and utility boxes.

A coconut tree can grow both male and female flowers but in different parts of the same flower cluster. The male flowers are more numerous (200 to 300) than the female (20 to 30). Flowers grow to around 1 cm long; the base of flowering branches are tapped for sap (nectar) and flowering starts at 6 to 12 years of age, occurring continuously. Coconut trees produce far more flowers on a continuous basis than those that actually develop into mature coconuts, therefore by tapping a limited number of the flowers; the trees are still able to produce a lot of coconuts.

The coconut fruit itself grows in clusters among the leaves of the tree. The coconut tree bears fruit around its 7th year from initial planting and the lifespan of each tree is around 100 years, but the most productive are the first fifty years. Coconuts grow in bunches usually containing between six to twelve nuts. Each nut takes around one year to ripen. A mature coconut tree normally produces a bunch every month. Each coconut tree can produce approximately 50 to 100 coconuts per year.


Coconut Sugar Sustainability -
There are two types of coconut flowers

Opened flowers: provide a good honey for bees.

The unopened flowers: a clump of unopened flowers produces a steady dripped of sweet juice (called sap or nectar) up to a gallon per day.


Coconut Sugar Sustainability - nectar v sugarCoconut Sugar Sustainability -
What is the difference between coconut nectar and coconut sugar?

Coconut nectar (or coconut sap) is obtained from the cut of the unopened coconut flower. Coconut nectar is very nutrient rich containing vitamins, minerals and amino acids. It is a sweet, light syrup that is particularly rich in the B vitamin inositol.

The coconut sap immediately starts alcoholic fermentation and becomes completely fermented within a day. There is no need for yeast since there is naturally ready source very active “wild” yeast in the environment. If allowed to ferment for more than 24 hours, acetic fermentation converts the alcohol into vinegar.

In order to avoid fermentation for production of TIANA Organic Crystallised Coconut Nectar, it is collected every 4 hours than it immediately undergoes the process of crystallisation to achieve slightly golden coloured crystals. TIANA Organic Crystallised Nectar is 100% raw and full of important nutrients.

Coconut sugar is also produced from coconut sap but it can be fermented and in order to crystallise, the producer has to use various anti-fermented agents, otherwise it will not be possible to achieve crystals. If compare TIANA Crystallised Coconut Nectar in colour with coconut sugar, coconut sugar has a dark colour because the crystallisation undergo at temperatures above 100 Degree C and sugar will be caramelised making the product dark colour. In some countries that produce coconut sugar, this product can be also mixed with organic muscovado sugar, palm sugar or other malt varieties.

Coconut nectar can be tapped at an early age, when the trees are between 4 and 7 years old. If the slicing is not done for one or two days, the scars heal and the sap flow stops. It would take about 2 weeks to restore the “sap flow”.

The total volume of sap collected from 16 to 34 litres depending on the variety of coconut, season of the year and age of the tree. Depending on the tapper’s skill and seasonal conditions, it take about 12 to 15 days and at times up to 35 days from the start of the tapping process before the sap begins to drip. The number of years a coconut tree can be tapped is more than 20 years.

The freshly collected coconut nectar is sweet and nearly neutral in pH (equal 6) and a Brix of 17. It contains 14-19% sugar (mainly sucrose and small amount of glucose), it is rich in amino acids, specifically glutamic acid and vitamins.


TIANA Fair Trade Organics is committed to Organic Produce, Fair Trade, Sustainable Agriculture and we look after coconut farmers who in turn look after their coconut trees. The coconut trees are their source of income and they look after them in a truly sustainable manner.

Coconut Sugar Sustainability - One of our Coconut Farmers

TIANA Organic Raw Crystallised Coconut Nectar is a guilt free sugar replacement.

It’s absolutely delicious and full of important nutrients, and is one of the most sustainable coconut sweeteners available.



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